Cannabis is one of the oldest domesticated crops. Throughout history, all civilisations have grown different varieties of cannabis for industrial and medicinal uses.
The Cannabis plant contains over 60 naturally occurring chemical substances known as cannabinoids. The two most abundant are:
THC is the most abundant constituent of the cannabis plant, and the most well known. THC is the intoxicating and psychoactive substance that is responsible for causing the marijuana high.
THC is considered a controlled substance, and is therefore illegal.
The second most abundant compound is Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD. This is a non-psychoactive substance, typically representing about 40% of the Cannabinoids in the Cannabis plant. And it's the effect of this particular Cannabinoid, CBD that is currently being researched in many studies all over the world.
CBD is not considered a controlled substance, and is therefore 100% legal.
This strain of the cannabis plant is grown for industrial uses such as foods, oils, textiles and ropes etc. It is a much taller and sturdier version of the plant. It is generally much thinner with smaller and fewer attention-grabbing flowers. It has been bred for many generations with other plants with similar characteristics, leading to the type of cannabis we now know as hemp.
Hemp contains no to very little THC, the psychoactive chemical.
Marijuana on the other hand contains high levels of the psychoactive chemical. This single difference is what most of us rely on to distinguish between hemp and marijuana - About what’s legal and what is not.
The lawmakers don’t care about how tall the plant is, or even how many flowers it produces. They only care about whether the public can get high from smoking it or not.
This strain of the cannabis plant is grown for medicinal and recreational purposes. It has flowering buds and is smaller than hemp. It is high in Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive chemical responsible for causing the Marijuana high, and is therefore illegal under current UK legislation.
People sometimes confuse Hemp Oil with Hemp Seed Oil. Although the names are very similar, the difference between them is like night and day.
Any oil that has been extracted from the leaves, the flowers or the fibres of the cannabis plant is referred to as hemp oil. Depending on the plant material you start off with, you’ll end up with different concentration of CBD. Some will be high in CBD but low in THC, while others will be high in THC but low in CBD. However, irrespectively of the concentration or the proportions, it is still Hemp Oil. Although Hemp Oil is the correct term, our opinion is that the term CBD Hemp Oil or even CBD Rich Hemp Oil is a more accurate description.
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil on the other hand is derived from hemp seeds. It is regarded as one of the most versatile and healthy products known to man. It is often referred to as a ‘superfood’ due to its high essential fatty acid content. Although a great product on its own, it contains no CBD
To extract Cannabidiol (CBD), one must start with CBD-rich hemp plant material. There are many ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, each has its pros and cons.
CBD oil is extracted using the following method
The super critical CO² method is considered the most scientific method and is also among the cleanest techniques of extraction. It uses carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to extract the CBD in its purest form. CBD oil extracted in this way has a cleaner taste, but is also the most expensive method. The advantage of this technique is that the end product is the purest form of CBD oil which is highly potent and free of chlorophyll.
High grade grain alcohol can be used to create high quality hemp oil appropriate for vape pen cartridges and other CBD products. But this extraction method destroys the plant waxes, which may have health benefits that are favoured by some product-makers.
This method of how to make CBD oil is growing in popularity. The method involves extraction using a carrier oil. Olive oil is most commonly used in this process. The rise in popularity of this method is due to the added benefits of the nutrients in the oil used and the fact that it is safe and free of unwanted residues.
The extraction method used to extract CBD is one of the most important factors to considerate when choosing your CBD Oil.
Any guide to CBD would not be complete without mentioning the Endocannabinoid system. This system is known as the body’s own endogenous (internal) Cannabinoid system. If you study it, one thing will become apparent: CBD has a profound influence on the human body.
There are two main receptor types involved in the Endocannabinoid system. They are:
Cannabidiod 1 (CB1)
These receptors are primary found in the brain and the reproductive organs.
Cannabidiod 2 (CB2)
These receptors are primarily found in the immune system.
The Endocannabinoid System is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in maintaining and restoring good health. Although all individual receptors have different purposes, their main purpose is always Homeostasis; the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.
The human body produces its own Cannabinoids. These are called Endocannabinoids. This is the substance our bodies naturally produces to stimulate the CB receptors.
Endocannabinoids is our body’s internal source of cannabinoids.
Photocannabinoids (plant-based) like CBD Oil on the other hand would be an external source of cannabinoids, which can be taken as a supplement if and when needed.
You've done your research and decided that it's time to give CBD a try.
Once you are ready to look at products, there are still many factors to consider including; type of product, CBD concentration, dosage requirement, extraction method used, brand and above all, your very own needs.
Nowadays CBD comes in numerous types of shapes, sizes and forms. The three most common types are:
Tinctures, also know as droppers are by far the most popular CBD products consumed today. Tinctures trump all other types of CBD products when it comes to dosage precision. As all tinctures come with a precise dropper, one can easily increase or decrease the serving size by the drop. Tincture is the fastest absorption method. It is absorbed sublingually (under the tongue), which means that it acts faster than most other forms of CBD products.
Capsules, also known as CBD Tablets or CBD pills are quickly gaining popularity. As capsules are odourless and tasteless, it makes them the perfect choice for anyone who doesn’t like that hemp taste.
Extract, also known as CBD Paste is the most popular choice for those looking for the purest and strongest CBD products out there. Extracts are the ones with the highest CBD concentration.
While hemp oil has beneficial properties of its own, when buying CBD products you should really look specifically for the quantity of CBD that is present in a particular product.
Usually the CBD content is declared as a percentage of the total volume, but it can also be shown as the total mg of CBD.
The CBD concentration in Tinctures and Capsules are usually between 3% – 20%, while the Extractsare typically at 20% or above.
The best choice for you depends on you and your required dosage.
No exact dosage of CBD hemp oil has been established yet. For pain relief, tenderness, stiffness and conditions like fibromyalgia we recommend starting off with 3-5mg taking daily for a week. If you don’t feel any benefit after that, double the dose and repeat for another week until you find your required dose. Also worth mentioning is that CBD has maximum efficiency when used consistently, much like a daily multivitamin supplement. This effect is due to the fact that it takes a while for your body to adjust to the chemical compounds found in CBD. As there are no psychoactive or dangerous components present in our CBD, you can safely increase your serving size to find the optimal concentration for you. And don’t worry about taking too much CBD. It is impossible to overdose on CBD or to ‘take too much’.
If you need 1mg - 20mg CBD per day go for a low strength Tinctures or Capsules
If you need 20mg - 100mg CBD per day go for a high strength Tinctures or Capsules
If you need more than 100mg of CBD per day go for an Extract.
This might be the most important point to consider when choosing the right CBD product for you and your family.
CBD is derived from industrial hemp – stalk, leaf and seeds. Farming methods vary widely, and regulations differ from country to country.
For a safe product for you and your family, chose a CBD product that has been derived from Non-GMO organic hemp, grown without the use of pesticide, herbicide or chemical fertilizer.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is not considered a controlled substance in the UK, and is therefore 100% legal.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive chemical responsible for causing the marijuana high, and is illegal.
Hemp contains no, or very little THC, the psychoactive chemical. Marijuana on the other hand contains high levels of the psychoactive chemical. This single difference is what the lawmakers relies on to distinguish between hemp and marijuana.
The UK has set the maximum THC content of hemp at 0.2%. Therefore, any Hemp oil with higher THC than 0.2% is considered medical marijuana instead, and is therefore illegal under current UK law.
Always buy from a brand you trust. As CBD is still an unregulated industry, as a customer you should demand complete transparency. Always ask for a Lab Report with all purchases. This will guarantee the CBD concentration, and will also show any impurities such as pesticide, herbicide, heavy metals, mould, chemical fertiliser or any other unwanted contaminants.
As with any other products, a recommendation from a friend weights more and can be trusted more than any sales arguments written on a website.
If you don’t have friends that are using CBD, the next best thing would be to read reviews of other people’s experience of the company and its products. Just make sure though, that all reviews are submitted by verified ‘real’ buyers.
*****Beware of dangerous fake CBD products currently being sold on eBay and Amazon. You may notice selling platforms such as eBay are selling the same products for a fraction of the price, please ask yourself why this maybe! Do you really know what you’re putting into your body? ****
CBD HEMP OIL DOSAGE