What is CBD?


Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis is one of the oldest  domesticated crops. Throughout history, all civilisations have grown  different varieties of cannabis for industrial and medicinal uses.
The Cannabis plant contains over 60 naturally occurring chemical substances known as cannabinoids. The two most abundant are:
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
THC  is the most abundant constituent of the cannabis plant, and the most  well known. THC is the intoxicating and psychoactive substance that is  responsible for causing the marijuana high.
THC is considered a controlled substance, and is therefore illegal.
Cannabidiol (CBD)
The  second most abundant compound is Cannabidiol, more commonly known as  CBD. This is a non-psychoactive substance, typically representing about  40% of the Cannabinoids in the Cannabis plant. And it's the effect of  this particular Cannabinoid, CBD that is currently being researched in  many studies all over the world.
CBD is not considered a controlled substance, and is therefore 100% legal.


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This strain of the cannabis plant is  grown for industrial uses such as foods, oils, textiles and ropes etc.  It is a much taller and sturdier version of the plant. It is generally  much thinner with smaller and fewer attention-grabbing flowers. It has  been bred for many generations with other plants with similar  characteristics, leading to the type of cannabis we now know as hemp.
Hemp contains no to very little THC, the psychoactive chemical.
Marijuana  on the other hand contains high levels of the psychoactive chemical.  This single difference is what most of us rely on to distinguish between  hemp and marijuana - About what’s legal and what is not.
The  lawmakers don’t care about how tall the plant is, or even how many  flowers it produces. They only care about whether the public can get  high from smoking it or not.
This  strain of the cannabis plant is grown for medicinal and recreational  purposes. It has flowering buds and is smaller than hemp. It is high in  Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive chemical responsible for  causing the Marijuana high, and is therefore illegal under current UK  legislation.

Hemp Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil

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.Hemp Oil

Any oil that has been extracted from the leaves, the flowers or the fibres of the cannabis plant is referred to as hemp oil. Depending on the plant material you start off with, you’ll end up with different concentration of CBD.  Some will be high in CBD but low in THC, while others will be high in THC but low in CBD. However, irrespectively of the concentration or the proportions, it is still Hemp Oil. Although Hemp Oil is the correct term, our opinion is that the term CBD Hemp Oil or even CBD Rich Hemp Oil is a more accurate description.

People sometimes confuse Hemp Oil with Hemp Seed Oil. Although the names are very similar, the difference between them is like night and day

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil on the other hand is derived from hemp seeds. It is regarded as one of the most versatile and healthy products known to man. It is often referred to as a ‘superfood’ due to its high essential fatty acid content. Although a great product on its own, it contains no CBD

Extraction Methods

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To extract Cannabidiol (CBD), one must start with CBD-rich hemp plant  material. There are many ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant,  each has its pros and cons.

CBD oil is extracted using the following method

Co2 Extraction

The  super critical CO² method is considered the most scientific method and  is also among the cleanest techniques of extraction. It uses carbon  dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to extract  the CBD in its purest form. CBD oil extracted in this way has a cleaner  taste, but is also the most expensive method. The advantage of this  technique is that the end product is the purest form of CBD oil which is  highly potent and free of chlorophyll.


High  grade grain alcohol can be used to create high quality hemp oil  appropriate for vape pen cartridges and other CBD products. But this  extraction method destroys the plant waxes, which may have health  benefits that are favoured by some product-makers.

Olive Oil

This  method of how to make CBD oil is growing in popularity. The method  involves extraction using a carrier oil. Olive oil is most commonly used  in this process. The rise in popularity of this method is due to the  added benefits of the nutrients in the oil used and the fact that it is  safe and free of unwanted residues.

The extraction method used to  extract CBD is one of the most important factors to considerate when  choosing your CBD Oil.

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

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Any guide to CBD would not be complete without mentioning the  Endocannabinoid system. This system is known as the body’s own  endogenous (internal) Cannabinoid system. If you study it, one thing  will become apparent: CBD has a profound influence on the human body.

There are two main receptor types involved in the Endocannabinoid system. They are:

Cannabidiod 1 (CB1)

These receptors are primary found in the brain and the reproductive organs.

Cannabidiod 2 (CB2)

These receptors are primarily found in the immune system.

Restoring Balance

The Endocannabinoid System  is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in maintaining  and restoring good health. Although all individual receptors have  different purposes, their main purpose is always Homeostasis; the  maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the  external environment.


The  human body produces its own Cannabinoids. These are called  Endocannabinoids. This is the substance our bodies naturally produces to  stimulate the CB receptors.

Endocannabinoids is our body’s internal source of cannabinoids.


Photocannabinoids  (plant-based) like CBD Oil on the other hand would be an external  source of cannabinoids, which can be taken as a supplement if and when  needed.


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You've done your research and decided that it's time to give CBD a try.

Once  you are ready to look at products, there are still many factors to  consider including; type of product, CBD concentration, dosage  requirement, extraction method used, brand and above all, your very own  needs.

Product Types

Nowadays CBD comes in numerous types of shapes, sizes and forms. The three most common types are:

  • Tinctures

Tinctures, also know as droppers are by far the most popular CBD products consumed today. Tinctures trump all other types of CBD products when it comes to dosage  precision. As all tinctures come with a precise dropper, one can easily  increase or decrease the serving size by the drop. Tincture is the  fastest absorption method. It is absorbed sublingually (under the  tongue), which means that it acts faster than most other forms of CBD  products.

  • Capsules

Capsules, also known as CBD Tablets or CBD pills  are quickly gaining popularity. As capsules are odourless and  tasteless, it makes them the perfect choice for anyone who doesn’t like  that hemp taste.

  • Extract

Extract, also known as CBD Paste is the most popular choice for those looking for the purest and  strongest CBD products out there. Extracts are the ones with the highest  CBD concentration. 

CBD Concentration

While  hemp oil has beneficial properties of its own, when buying CBD products  you should really look specifically for the quantity of CBD that is  present in a particular product.

Usually the CBD content is declared as a percentage of the total volume, but it can also be shown as the total mg of CBD.

The CBD concentration in Tinctures and Capsules are usually between 3% – 20%, while the Extractsare typically at 20% or above.

The best choice for you depends on you and your required dosage.


Additional Information


No  exact dosage of CBD hemp oil has been established yet. For pain relief,  tenderness, stiffness and conditions like fibromyalgia we recommend  starting off with 3-5mg taking daily for a week. If you don’t feel any  benefit after that, double the dose and repeat for another week until  you find your required dose. Also worth mentioning is that CBD has  maximum efficiency when used consistently, much like a daily  multivitamin supplement. This effect is due to the fact that it takes a  while for your body to adjust to the chemical compounds found in CBD. As  there are no psychoactive or dangerous components present in our CBD,  you can safely increase your serving size to find the optimal  concentration for you. And don’t worry about taking too much CBD. It is  impossible to overdose on CBD or to ‘take too much’.

If you need 1mg - 20mg CBD per day go for a low strength Tinctures or Capsules

If you need 20mg - 100mg CBD per day go for a high strength Tinctures or Capsules

If you need more than 100mg of CBD per day go for an Extract.


This might be the most important point to consider when choosing the right CBD product for you and your family.

CBD  is derived from industrial hemp – stalk, leaf and seeds. Farming  methods vary widely, and regulations differ from country to country.

For  a safe product for you and your family, chose a CBD product that has  been derived from Non-GMO organic hemp, grown without the use of  pesticide, herbicide or chemical fertilizer.

Legal CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is not considered a controlled substance in the UK, and is therefore 100% legal.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive chemical responsible for causing the marijuana high, and is illegal.

Hemp  contains no, or very little THC, the psychoactive chemical. Marijuana  on the other hand contains high levels of the psychoactive chemical.   This single difference is what the lawmakers relies on to distinguish  between hemp and marijuana.

The UK has set the  maximum THC content of hemp at 0.2%. Therefore, any Hemp oil with higher  THC than 0.2% is considered medical marijuana instead, and is therefore  illegal under current UK law.


Always  buy from a brand you trust. As CBD is still an unregulated industry, as  a customer you should demand complete transparency. Always ask for a  Lab Report with all purchases. This will guarantee the CBD  concentration, and will also show any impurities such as pesticide,  herbicide, heavy metals, mould, chemical fertiliser or any other  unwanted contaminants.

As with any other  products, a recommendation from a friend weights more and can be trusted  more than any sales arguments written on a website.

If  you don’t have friends that are using CBD, the next best thing would be  to read reviews of other people’s experience of the company and its  products. Just make sure though, that all reviews are submitted by  verified ‘real’ buyers.


*****Beware of  dangerous fake CBD products currently being sold on eBay and Amazon. You  may notice selling platforms such as eBay are selling the same products  for a fraction of the price, please ask yourself why this maybe! Do you  really know what you’re putting into your body? ****